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"Dense Plasma Focus Back in the Spotlight", dr Ryszard Miklaszewski, IFPiLM

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Introduced in the 1960s, the relatively compact size and uncomplicated design of the devices made them attractive as the foundation for fusion power plants, although that application was eventually discounted after decades of research. More recently, the DPF has been considered as a neutron source for radiography and other national security applications. An important complement to x-ray imaging, fast neutron imaging enables researchers to examine the lighter elements in objects of study. Unlike current commercial and industrial neutron imaging sources, the DPF generates an incredibly bright but very short flash (less than 100 nanoseconds) that is well-suited for taking still-frame pictures of highly dynamic processes.

Unfortunately, the renaissance of interest in Plasma-Focus devices observed in recent years, including the construction of several such plants in the US, is mainly related to their applications in security and defense.

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Research projects carried out at the IPPLM are funded by the Polish Ministry of Education and Science, the National Science Centre and by the European Commission within the framework of EUROfusion Consortium under grant agreement No 633053. Financial support comes also from the International Atomic Energy Agency, European Space Agency and LaserLab Consortium as well as from the Fusion for Energy Agency.

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